JCPenney is spending $1 billion on store and online upgrades in latest bid to revive its business (2024)

Shoppers pass a J.C. Penney store in New York.

Scott Mlyn | CNBC

JCPenney said Thursday it plans to spend more than $1 billion by the end of 2025 in a bid to revive the storied but troubled 121-year-old department store chain.

The money is going toward remodeling JCPenney stores, upgrading its online shopping site and app, and making its supply network more efficient so that online orders are delivered more quickly.

JCPenney's CEO Marc Rosen, who took the company's helm in November 2021 and has served as an executive at Levi Strauss and Walmart, is renewing the chain's focus on its core middle-income shoppers with affordable fashion and housewares.

"Now is the time more than ever to lean into that and make sure that we're delivering that experience for our customer," Rosen said in an interview with The Associated Press. That's a change of tactics from previous management teams that pursued wealthier shoppers with offers of trendy items and major appliances.

As part of the plans unveiled Thursday, check-out stations that had been located throughout JCPenney's stores will be replaced with a single area of cashiers. Shoppers will also see brighter lighting and a fresh coat of paint. Store employees will be equipped with mobile devices to scan inventory and ring up shoppers' purchases. And the chain is making upgrades to its Wi-Fi networks to speed up in-store connections.

But JCPenney is playing catch-up with its competitors — from discounters to department stores like Macy's and Walmart — that have been upgrading their stores and online businesses, underscoring the challenges faced by the retailer based in Plano, Texas.

JCPenney, which emerged from Chapter 11 reorganization in December 2020 with new owners, not only has grappled with years of internal issues but also faces an uncertain economy that has challenged healthier department stores.

The chain's core customers are budget-conscious families, whose median income ranges from $50,000 to $75,000. They've been particularly hit hard by higher costs basic items and high interest rates, making borrowing on credit cards and taking out a mortgage more expensive.

Rosen said JCPenney's customers are spending $700 more per month than two years ago just for basic necessities, like rent, gas and food. He noted they're seeking competitive prices as well as a good shopping experience.

But in this tough economy, JCPenney has a role, Rosen said. He believes shoppers are finding other department stores too expensive, while online retailers and off-price stores don't give them the customer service JCPenney shoppers are looking for.

The company filed for bankruptcy reorganization in May 2020 after the pandemic-induced temporary closing of stores put the already struggling retailer deeper in peril.

Under new owners — mall companies Simon Property Group Inc. and Brookfield Property Partners LP — JCPenney shuttered nearly a quarter of its 850 stores. It now has roughly 650 stores. It has less than $500 million in debt, down from nearly $5 billion at the time of its bankruptcy filing, Rosen said.

As part of the latest remodeling push, Rosen said 100 stores have been refurbished. The plan is to remodel anywhere from 50 to 100 per year, he said.

The retailer has been rebuilding its beauty business after Sephora announced a deal to leave the chain for rival Kohl's three years ago. As part of its overhaul, it has been highlighting beauty products that cover a wider range of skin tones. One third of its customers are of color. The company said that more than 50% of its beauty brands are either owned by females or people of color.

The retailer launched new store label brands like Mutual Weave men's clothing and reintroduced some national brands like Adidas. It launched national labels such as Forever 21, owned by Authentic Brands Group LLC, which has a minority stake in JCPenney. It also teamed up with celebrity stylist Jason Bolden to recreate collections for two of its store label brands, J. Ferrar and Worthington, a long-time brand it brought back.

Most importantly, Rosen said JCPenney has worked hard to keep the basics like jeans, white-T-shirts, and sheet sets in stock with the full size range or full color assortment, a problem that has plagued the chain and frustrated shoppers.

Rosen said the changes have helped increase the number of repeat visits of existing customers to both stores and online. More than 50 million customers have visited JCPenney in the past three years, he said. After about five years of declines, it's now seeing customers coming to JCPenney more frequently — a 5% increase. As for its beauty departments,25% are new customers, he noted.

"That's showing us that if we get the basic relevant experience right, then they're going to come to us more frequently because they know the brand, they're shopping us already and they're now starting to shop across more areas of the store and come more frequently, " he said., which tracks people's movements via cellphone usage, show that visits for JCPenney stores are down 24% compared with the year-ago period.

Rosen arrived at JCPenney when its annual revenue ranged between $8 billion and $9 billion and that number was unchanged last year. He expects it could decline slightly this year because of all the economic uncertainty. It had annual sales of roughly $11.2 billion when it filed for bankruptcy, but also ran more stores back then.

Neil Saunders, managing director of GlobalData Retail, said he was recently at a JCPenney store in Phoenix, and the stores looked messy, and there were gaps on shelves. But he did praise the beauty area.

"They may have steadied the ship, but they have not revived the brand," he said.

JCPenney is spending $1 billion on store and online upgrades in latest bid to revive its business (2024)


JCPenney is spending $1 billion on store and online upgrades in latest bid to revive its business? ›

JCPenney is spending $1 billion on store and online upgrades in latest bid to revive its business. Shoppers pass a J.C. Penney store in New York. JCPenney said Thursday it plans to spend more than $1 billion by the end of 2025 in a bid to revive the storied but troubled 121-year-old department store chain.

Why is JCPenney dying? ›

2000–2020: Declining sales and bankruptcy

As it entered the 21st century, JCPenney faced stagnant and declining sales. Discount stores such as Target and Walmart continued to compete for JCPenney's customers, a trend that would accelerate during and after the 2008 financial crisis.

Is JCPenney making a comeback? ›

J.C. Penney unveils fierce comeback plan

Three years later, it revealed an ambitious $1 billion comeback plan, promising store remodels, upgraded technology, and improved operations by 2025.

Is JCPenney doing better? ›

Despite its sales and profit declines, the company remains in the black. Moreover, the retailer's sales declines are lessening, GlobalData Managing Director Neil Saunders said by email. “The final quarter was the best of the year for JCPenney, which is a small crumb of comfort,” he said.

How did JCPenney fail to innovate? ›

Failed Rebranding and Pricing Strategy: In 2011, JCPenney underwent a major rebranding and pricing strategy under CEO Ron Johnson, which involved eliminating sales and coupons in favor of "everyday low prices." This strategy alienated loyal customers who were accustomed to discounts, leading to a sharp decline in sales ...

Why is JCPenney so empty? ›

JCPenney has struggled with financial issues for years, including declining sales and mounting debt. These financial issues made it difficult for the company to invest in its stores and compete with other retailers. But the pandemic in 2020 served as the major catalyst for the JCPenney bankruptcy and its decline.

Is JCPenney struggling financially? ›

J.C. Penney emerged from bankruptcy in December 2020 with new owners, less debt and about 200 fewer stores.

Who bought out JCPenney? ›

After filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in May 2020, in September 2020, Brookfield Asset Management and Simon Property Group agreed to purchase the company for around $800 million in cash and debt. The deal was approved by the U.S. bankruptcy court for the Southern District of Texas two months later.

Where is James Cash Penney buried? ›

James Cash Penney died in New York City on February 12, 1971, at the age of ninety-five. He is buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.

Is JCPenney recovering? ›

Turning around JCPenney. JCPenney has around 670 stores today and has little debt for the first time in years. The company is owned by mall landlords Simon Property Group (SPG) and Brookfield Asset Management (BAM). The two firms rescued JCPenney out of bankruptcy for $1.75 billion in the fall of 2020.

Who is JCPenney's biggest competitor? ›

J.C. Penney's competitors

Kohl's is a company that operates a chain of family-oriented department stores. Macy's is a retail company that sells apparel, accessories, cosmetics, home furnishings, and other consumer goods. Target is a general merchandise retailer selling products through stores and digital channels.

What is the weakness of JCPenney? ›

SWOT Analysis of J. C. Penney: Strengths: Established brand, wide range of products, strong customer loyalty. Weaknesses: Declining sales, high competition, struggling financial position.

Is JCPenney still profitable? ›

The company's management, led by former Levi's executive Marc Rosen since 2021, “deserves credit for stabilizing the business,” according to Saunders. “While JCPenney is in decline, it has remained profitable and has made progress in terms of clearing down inventory,” he said.

Who is the bad CEO of JCPenney? ›

JCPenney CEO Ron Johnson is out of the company, according to CNBC, after just 17 months on the job. His Q4 2012 was probably the worst quarterly performance ever in the history of major retail: same-store sales were down 32 percent, to $3.8 billion.

What did JCPenney used to be called? ›

JCPenney was founded in Kemmerer, Wyoming, in 1902 by James Cash Penney. The first store, named The Golden Rule, set the standard by which we have operated for over a century – to treat others as we would like to be treated.

What are the bad decisions of JCPenney? ›

Major Mistakes from a Marketing Mix Perspective

In particular, JCPenney made many poor decisions about its products, its pricing approaches, and its promotion strategies. Many customers chose other retailers once JC Penney chose to adopt new, unknown brands at higher prices.

Is JCPenney staying in business? ›

Under the new ownership of Simon Property Group and Brookfield Asset Management, JCPenney continues to operate 650+ stores across the U.S. and Puerto Rico, as well as our flagship store,, to ensure our valued customers have access to their favorite brands and compelling merchandise.

How many JCPenney are left in the United States? ›

JCPenney proudly serves customers at more than 650+ stores across the United States and Puerto Rico, and at the Company's flagship store,

Is JCPenney dead? ›

(September 16, 1875 – February 12, 1971) was an American businessman and entrepreneur who founded the JCPenney stores in 1902.

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